Created in the 1920s by Harry MacElhone, owner of Harry′s New York Bar in Paris, the Monkey Gland is a gin-based cocktail made with orange juice, grenadine and absinthe.
Apparently, the cocktail was inspired by the experiments of Russian scientist Serge Voronoff. Long before Viagra, Voronoff was experimenting with various implants, the most famous of these was the grafting of monkey testicle tissue to human testicles. His hopes were to increase longevity, but his rather shocking technique only received considerable ridicule.
Taking its name from the main ingredient, applejack, the Jack Rose Cocktail is a classic drink from the 1920s and 30s. The rose part comes from the addition of grenadine, that gives the cocktail its pretty rose hue.
Named after the Ivy League college of the same name, the recipe for a Harvard Cocktail was first published by George Kappeler in his 1895 Modern American Drinks.